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Keoladeo National Park situated within 60 Kms. from the Taj Mahal. Both of them are listed in the World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO. Keoladeo - the garden of Gods is unique for the number of bird species and their overall number. One can have a field day for birding with over 375 species found in the 30 sq. km.. This water bird Santury at Bharatpurt is comprised of wetland, woodland and grass land. And is a heaven of waterfowl, herons, cranes and birds of prey apart from some mammals, such as Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Black Buck Pythan can also be seen very easily.
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AbcThe natural wilderness in India is one of the most diverse in the world. The rugged mountains, the wondrous deserts, the dense forest, all offer a great opportunity to satisfy an adventurous spirit. Stay in Luxurious Swiss Cottages / Resorts. Bandhavgarh, Kanha, Ranthambhore National Parks offers Elephant Back Photo Safari
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Home Exploring Indian Wildlife Tiger Conservation In India

Forest Distribution in India


Indian Forestry : Facts , Issues , Programs and Actions

Introduction : Indian Forestry

National Forestry Policy, 1988

Country's Profile

Forest Cover

Forest Degradation

Protected Area

INTRODUCTION : Indian Forestry
Sustainability of forest ecosystem is an essential component of the environmental conservation efforts and any degradation of forests will have an adverse impact on various systems such as water resources, agriculture, biodiversity, environment, climate and human health, besides, the subsistence living of tribals and other communities living in and aro und forest areas. Therefore, the functions with respect to conservation of soil, water and biodiversity are vital for the welfare of present and future generations.

Having about 2.5% of the world's geographic area, India at present is supporting 16% of the planet's planets human population and 18% of the cattle population. About 41% of forest cover of the country has already been degraded and dense forests are losing their crown density and productivity continuously.

A large number of India's livestock population graze in forests causing serious damage to regeneration and productivity. The use of forests beyond its carrying capacity and encroachments are the main cause of continuous degradation of forests. At present, 70% of the forests have no natural regeneration and 55% of them are prone to fires.

To reverse the process of degradation and for sustainable development of forests, the Government of India has prepared the National Forestry Action Programme, a comprehensive strategic plan to address the issue underlying the major problems of the forestry sector.

The objective is to enhance the contribution of Forestry and Tree Resources to ecological stability and people centered development through qualitative and quantitative improvements in the forest resources. The exercise has been financially supported by the UNDP project IND/93/021.

COUNTRY'S PROFILE
India is the biggest democracy in the world, having seventh largest geographical area (328.7 million ha) and second largest population (about 950 million). It has 26 states and 6 union territories. It has a Union Government having its centre at New Delhi . State Governments having different Capital Administer States.

There is much diversity in geographical features; towering Himalayas in the north; Thar desert, Aravalli Hills and Semi Arid plains in the west; Vindhyachal Mountains in the center; Deccan plateau in the south; Western and Eastern Ghats with Coastal plains to the east and west and the north-east region with variety of biodiversity.

Most of the forests in the country are State owned and they are managed by the State Governments on the basis of long term working plans approved by the Union Government. State governments at their own are doing the programmes of extension forestry and other works related to the development of Forestry.



Tiger Conservation activities in Various National Park









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